Stenosis Treatment Clinic
The physicians at Valley Neurology and Pain offer the most advanced minimally-invasive procedures for spinal stenosis that relieve pain and restore mobility. Stenosis is a common cause of back pain that requires prompt and ongoing medical care for long-term relief. Patients throughout the North Phoenix, Peoria and the West Valley areas of Arizona visit Valley Neurology and Pain for treatment.
What is spinal stenosis?
Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when the space inside the spine becomes narrower, resulting in painful nerve compressions that can cause local pain as well as radiating pain and numbness in other parts of the body, most commonly in the arms and legs. Spinal stenosis most commonly occurs in the lower back (lumbar stenosis) and the neck (cervical stenosis).
What causes spinal stenosis?
Most commonly, spinal stenosis is caused by age-related changes including:
- formation of tiny bony projections called bone spurs
- stiffening or thickening of the ligaments that connect the bones of the spine
- disc degeneration that causes the spaces between the vertebrae to become compressed
Other causes of spinal stenosis include trauma, tumors, congenital (present at birth) defects of the spine, and spondylolisthesis, a condition that causes one vertebra to slip forward over another.
How is spinal stenosis diagnosed?
Because it can cause the same or similar symptoms as other issues that cause back pain, spinal stenosis requires an expert evaluation of the back and spine to confirm a diagnosis and to guide therapy. Passive and active movements can help pinpoint the source of pain, and a review of the patient's symptoms and medical history is also important. Diagnostic imaging can provide additional important information. In some cases, injections into the spinal joints (facet joint injections) can help identify the source of pain as well as help determine the most appropriate treatment.
How is spinal stenosis treated?
The pain and inflammation of stenosis can often be relieved with injections into the affected joint or into the space around the joint, including:
- Facet Injections into the joints separating the vertebrae
- Interlaminar Epidural Injections or Transforaminal Epidural Injections to bathe the area surrounding the nerve root with medications aimed at relieving inflammation and pain
- Medial Branch Blocks or Intercostal Nerve Blocks to block pain signals from specific nerves
A thorough diagnostic exam will help determine the most appropriate approach to relieve symptoms.
Other treatments include:
- RFA (Radiofrequency Ablation)
- Spinal Cord Stimulation Trials
- MUA (Manipulation Under Anesthesia)
- Spinal Decompression